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Out of the Shadows Index: Misbrug og udnyttelse af børns sex

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Approximately 200 million of the world’s children experiencing child sex abuse each year,

“The safety and well-being of the world’s children must remain a global priority,” said Her Royal Highness Princess Madeleine of Sweden, co-founder of #EyesWideOpen initiative of the World Childhood Foundation (WCF).

Today, the World Childhood Foundation USA (WCF) announced the findings of ‘Out of the Shadows: Shining light on the response to child sexual abuse and exploitation,’ a 40-country benchmarking Index, representing 70% of the world’s children, which was developed through a first-of-its-kind research program conducted by The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) with support from the World Childhood Foundation, the Oak Foundation and the Carlson Family Foundation. The Index measures countries’ responses to child sexual abuse and exploitation. This groundbreaking tool will help countries to track their progress toward reaching Sustainable Development Goal target 16.2: ”ending abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against, and torture of, children by 2030.”

”With approximately 200 million of the world’s children experiencing sexual violence each year, the need to document and benchmark the global effort to prevent child sexual violence has never been more important. The Out of the Shadows report provides vital data to track the efforts of countries to end child sexual abuse and exploitation,” added HRH Princess Madeleine.

The objective of this research effort is to help raise global awareness and mobilize action to address the global epidemic of child sexual abuse and exploitation. The Index will give policymakers, the public and influencers around the world a clearer understanding of the issue and help identify best practices and areas for attention. The Index assesses the extent to which countries are acknowledging and responding to the problem of sexual violence against children.

The Index framework was developed in close consultation with the global expert community. The quantitative and qualitative data in the Index were collected and analyzed between February and December of 2018 by The EIU project team, employing country experts and regional specialists from its global network. The Index focuses on 4 categories:

- Miljø

– Legal Framework

- Regeringens forpligtelse og kapacitet

– Engagement of industry, civil society and media

The important focus areas in EIU’s research for the Out of the Shadows study included examining engagement and response from the private sector, particularly information and communications technology and the travel and tourism industries. For companies that share data and content online, such as Internet Service Providers and mobile telecoms operators, the existence of a notice and takedown system, which allows members of the public to report potentially unlawful CSA content, has emerged as a global solution and is present in 28 of the 40 countries in the Index.

In the travel and tourism industry, growth of the sexual exploitation of children over the past two decades is linked to increased international and domestic travel, cheaper flights, and the use of mobile technologies. ”The Out of the Shadows Index is a step towards understanding how effective our collective response has been to the tragic and pernicious problem of child sex abuse and exploitation globally and country-by-country. Its rigorous data-driven approach gives us the ability to evaluate the best way forward to attain the ultimate Sustainable Development Goal of ending all child trafficking by 2030,” said Kurt Ekert, president & CEO of Carlson Wagonlit Travel. ”As an organization that operates in the travel and tourism industry, we oppose the use of travel and other advances in technology to engage in child sex abuse and exploitation. We applaud the Carlson Family Foundation for supporting this first-of-its- kind benchmarking tool, and we are firmly committed to tracking progress in fighting child sex trafficking and protecting all children from this type of abuse.”

Landene i indekset blev scoret ud af 100, og de lande med den højeste samlede score er: 1. Storbritannien (82.7), 2. Sverige (81.5), 3. Canada (75.3), 4. Australien (74.9) og 5 De Forenede Stater (73.7). (Resultater og andre yderligere indeksoplysninger for alle 40 lande er tilgængelige på: outoftheshadows.eiu.com)

Overall Key findings from the Out of the Shadows study demonstrate that:

- Seksuelt misbrug af børn (CSA) og seksuel udnyttelse af børn (CSE) er presserende bekymringer for både velhavende og fattige lande.

- Sociale normer og holdninger til køn, seksualitet og kønsaspekt og kønsulighed er knyttet til accept af vold og seksuel vold mod børn.

– Boys are overlooked with more than half (21) of the 40 countries lacking legal protections for boys within their child rape laws, and only 17 countries collecting prevalence data about boys. Just five collect prevalence data for boys related to CSE.

- I betragtning af problemets omfang er forebyggende strategier kritiske. Kun 4 (fire) af de 40 lande har regeringsstøttede programmer, der stiller forebyggelsestjenester til rådighed for udsatte eller potentielle børnesexforbrydere.

Key findings of the Index specific to the United States:

Where has progress been made?

– There are comprehensive laws prohibiting sexual offenses against children, which are enforced at both the federal and state level.

– Numerous civil society organizations provide a variety of support services for child victims of sexual offenses.

- Den ”nationale strategi for forebyggelse og forbud mod udnyttelse af børn” blev vedtaget i 2016 og involverer et stort antal føderale agenturer.

- Landets private teknologi, nyhedsmedier og rejse- og turistindustrier har forpligtet sig til at tackle seksuelle overtrædelser mod børn.

Hvad mere skal der gøres?

- En omfattende undersøgelse af forekomsten af ​​seksuel udnyttelse af børn findes ikke.

- Der er ikke noget føderalt støttesystem for ofre for seksuel vold blandt børn.

- De fleste love om sådanne lovovertrædelser er statslige love, der fører til variationer fra stat til stat.

”I næsten 20 år har World Childhood Foundation støttet> 100 projekter på årsbasis i USA og globalt. Vi håber, at Out of the Shadows Index kan være et transformerende og kraftfuldt værktøj, der vil understøtte global strategi og mobilisering af ressourcer til at opskalere effektive programmer og anspore til kollektiv handling for at tackle denne globale epidemi, der rammer mindst 10% af børnene globalt, ”sagde Dr. Joanna Rubinstein, præsident og administrerende direktør for World Childhood Foundation USA og kommissær for Den Internationale Telekommunikationsunion (ITU) UNESCOs bredbåndskommission for bæredygtig udvikling. ”På baggrund af momentet i # MeToo-bevægelsen håber jeg, at vi på samme måde kan udnytte kraften fra en fælles global stemme til at afslutte seksuelt misbrug og udnyttelse af børn i vores samfund. Indsatsen for ikke at tage fat på dette universelle problem, der kan føre til indlæringsvanskeligheder, psykiske problemer og øget risiko for stofmisbrug og opretholdelse af vold, er for højt set fra et menneskeligt og økonomisk perspektiv. ”

Nadia Murad, vinderen af ​​Nobels fredspris i 2018 sagde: ”Det er vigtigt at henlede international opmærksomhed på den igangværende situation for børn, der er de mest sårbare ofre for seksuel vold og menneskehandel. Hele menneskeheden skal arbejde sammen for at eliminere denne epidemi og skabe en bedre fremtid for kvinder, børn og forfulgte mindretal. ”

Selv medie- og underholdningsindustrien kan spille en rolle. F.eks. Kaster CNNs Freedom Project om menneskehandel og filmen ”The Tale” lys over problemet med børnemishandling og udnyttelse. ”At have haft muligheden for at portrættere Jennifer Fox, en overlevende efter seksuelt misbrug af børn, og at dele sin utroligt følelsesladede sande historie med verden var et stort privilegium,” sagde skuespillerinden Laura Dern, stjerne i HBO's originale film, The Tale. ”Indekset” ud af skyggerne ”er en vigtig milepæl i at tackle dette globale problem ved at holde lande ansvarlige og skinne et lys over den gennemgribende seksuelle vold i barndommen og det presserende behov for at beskytte verdens børn.”

Barrierer og veje til fremskridt i bekæmpelsen af ​​seksuel vold mod børn diskuteres detaljeret i indeksrapporten og datamodellen, som er tilgængelig online på outoftheshadows.eiu.com. Yderligere metodedetaljer for Out of the Shadows-undersøgelsen er også tilgængelige på outoftheshadows.eiu.com.